This Last week my Hebrew class took a trip to the Kibbutz's museum. In this museum is the history of Kibbutz Revivim...I'll briefly summarize.
Kibbutz Revivim grew out of the Youth Aliyah Movement during the time of the British Mandate. The British Mandate Authority allowed Jews to purchase land, but not create settlements. The group that was to become Kibbutz Revivim was just a small group living in Rishon LeZion, a small suburb of Tel-Aviv. The group was finally granted a small parcel of land in 1943. They were to fulfill the dream of settling the Negev. However, because permanent settlements were illegal...Revivim was established as a Agricultural Research Station. Its formal name was Mitzpeh Revivim or Watch tower Revivim.
With no actual roads to it and only a small desert piece of land, it took 5 hours to make the trip to the new land. Today it takes about 2 hours. The first settlement was only three men. The station grew slowly and eventually some of the women were allowed to come. The growth of the new settlement was stopped by the War of Independence in 1948.
During the War Revivim was the center of Israel's defense of the Negev. Kibbutz Revivim had many purposes during the War. An airstrip was built to bring in supplies. The caves which were once home to the settlers became the field hospital and main base. Many brave men and one woman of Revivim fell during the war. However, after the dust settled and Israel's position became clear...Revivim became the heart of the Negev. Revivim now has moved about a kilometer away and the original kibbutz has now become the museum.
Check out my pictures of the whole thing.